- Read General
Description of Patches and How Patch May Be Worn on the Patch
- Put together
a photo, postcard and/or brochure album or scrapbooks of places you
visit or lived and share this with your Troop as you discuss
the following activities. You can do a videotape or an oral tape recorder
- If you are an American
Citizen learn The Pledge of Allegiance. Learn two patriotic songs
such as The Star Spangled Banner, America, My Country
Tis of Thee, America the Beautiful, God Bless America
or This Land is Your Land. (See lyrics).
- For Daisy and Brownie
Girl Scouts, select three (3) sites or locations listed
below. Cadette, Junior, and Senior Girl Scouts select four (4) sites
or locations listed below. Read about these historic areas or watch
a movie that relates to these locations. Visit the sites or locations.
In addition to the list below, you may also identify other sites
that have a connection to American History. If you do select a new site,
please send its name and location to the Central London Neighborhood
so we can add it to improve our patch program.
- Locate and
walk past the United States Embassy in Grosvenor Square and the
Ambassador's Residence Winfield House on the north edge of Regents
Park. There are a number of statues and commemoratives in the Grosvenor
Square area. (See a sample of a walking
tour of the area.)
- Also in Grosvenor
Square are statues of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Dwight Eisenhower.
George Washington's statue is in Trafalgar Square, and Abraham Lincoln's
statue is across the square from Big Ben in Parliament Square. John
F. Kennedy's is on Marylebone Road, several blocks east of Baker
- Abigail and
John Adams, second President of the United States, lived in the
house at 9 Grosvenor Square. He negotiated the Peace Treaty that
ended the American Revolutionary War and was the first Ambassador
to England from the new United States.
- All Hallows
by the Tower Church near the Tower of London is where William Penn
was baptized. The state of Pennsylvania was named for his family.
John Quincy Adams, sixth President of the United States was married
- The tea, which
ended up in Boston Harbor during the Boston Tea Party in 1173, was
loaded onto the ships near Sugar Baker Court at the Thames River.
- Benjamin Franklin
lived at 36 Craven Street, which is behind the Charing Cross Tube
stop, from 1757-1762 and again in 1765-1775. The Benjamin Franklin
Society is currently trying to raise funds to open the house to
- Sulgrave Manor,
near Banbury, Oxfordshire is the ancestral home of George Washington's
family. The Washington coat of arms had Stars and Stripes on it.
Another home of Washington's ancestors is Washington Old Hall, near
Sutherland, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland.
- The American
Museum in Britain is located at Claverton Manor, Claverton Down,
near Bath. One interesting feature is a garden that duplicates General
George Washington's garden at Mount Vernon in Virginia based on
correspondence Washington had with the residents of the manor.
- In Dumfries,
Scotland is the John Paul Jones Museum, commemorating this naval
hero of the Revolutionary War.
- Buried in St.
Martin-in-the-Fields Church on Trafalgar Square are Queen Kamamalu
and King Kamehameha II of Hawaii, who died of measles on a state
visit to London in 1824.
- Visit one of
the American Army or Air Force Bases such as Lakenheath near Cambridge,
or Alconbury or Molesworth or the West Ruslip Base west of London.
Many of the airfields and military bases in England played a very
important role in WWII. Visit any of them. (You will need military
clearance to enter military bases, so make pre-arrangements.) The
airfield, now called the Aircraft Museum in Duxford, played a crucial
role in the WW II Battle of Britain. It is just south of Cambridge
and has the largest collection of historic aircraft in Europe. It
is a very interesting trip for all family members.
- The Brookwood
Cemetery in Woking, Surrey, has a section commemorating American
World War I veterans.
- There are statues
of Sir Winston Churchill and President Franklin D. Roosevelt sitting
on a bench on New Bond Street, London.
- St. Paul's
Church has several connections to American History. One of these
is a statue to General Cornwallis, who surrendered to General Washington
at Yorktown, but his statue is only inscribed as a Governor of India.
There are many other memorials and statutes in the crypt and in
the church. The largest is the American Memorial Chapel on the right
side, in back of the center altar. It is a tribute to the 28,000
Americans, based in Britain, who died during World War II. There
are colorful badges from each state, plus wood carvings of American
birds, plants, and animals, which are fun to find and name.
- Each year on
Thanksgiving Day in November a service is held at St. Pauls for
London's American community. You may have the opportunity to attend
this church service.
Abbey has many memorials with American connections, but near the
west door are two of interest. A plaque on the wall surrounded by
an American eagle honors World War II President, Franklin D. Roosevelt
and close by on the floor is a tablet honoring Winston Churchill,
Prime Minster of England during World War II. Churchill's mother
Jennie was an American from New York and was one quarter Iroquois
Indian. There are many memorials to American servicemen, statesmen,
poets, explorers, scientists,and other noteworthy Americans in the
- Buckland Abby,
11 miles from Plymouth, west of the A386, near Milton Combe village
was the estate of Sir Francis Drake who landed in California and
established an English colony in 1579.
- Henry Hudson
is commemorated in three stained glass windows at St. Ethelburga-the-Virgin
in the Bishopgate area at the end of Threadneedle Street, London.
He explored the Hudson River in New York State, and Hudson Bay in
Canada is named for him.
- In the Tower
of London is a display of Sir Walter Raleigh's living quarters.
Drawings and paintings are by John White, one of the 1585 Roanoke,
Virginia settlers. Sir Walter Raleigh is buried in and a stained
glass window commemorates him in St. Margaret's Church, which is
next to Westminster Abby.
- St. Brides
Church on Fleet Street was the family church of John White who published
many drawings of America. There is a small carving on the backside
wall of his granddaughter, Virginia Dare who was the first European
recorded to be born in America. St. Brides was a Pilgrim Church.
the American Indian Princess who married John Rolfe, died on her
way back to America, in March of 1617, after visiting London, She
is buried in the chancel of old St. George's Church, Gravesend,
Ramsgate, Kent on the Thames River. The parish register lists her
as Rebecca Wrolfe. She was known as "Lady Rebecca" in London.
- In 1606 three
ships sailed to Virginia and founded Jamestown. A stained glass
window in St. Sepulche in Newgate pictures the Discovery, Susan
Constant and Godspeed ships. Near that same window is the tomb of
Captain John Smith who was saved by Princess Pocahontas. A statue
of him is outside St. Mary-le-bow Church on Cheapside Street, near
- In Jordon,
Berkshire at the Quaker Center is a barn said to be the Mayflower
ship which in 1620 the Pilgrims sailed to American in. If you stand
inside and look up it does look like the hull of a boat upside down.
The Mayflower ship sailed down the Thames River on it's way to America
with the Pilgrims. William Penn and his some of his family are buried
- Plymouth Harbor
has several restored buildings on the waterfront, plus a plaque
indicating where the Pilgrims stayed before they left for America.
There is a monument nearby. Sir Walter Raleigh also left from this
harbor. In Southampton at the Royal Docks is a 50-foot tall monument
to the Pilgrim's ship the Mayflower. The old cathedral town area
of Canterbury, in Kent, was home to many of the Pilgrims.
- Runnymede at
the A308 and the Thames River, east of Great Windsor Park is where
King John signed the Magna Carta in 1215, under threat of force.
The United States Constitution is based on the Magna Carta. A memorial
to President John Kennedy is up the hill, 50 steps for the 50th
President, killed in his 50th year.
- Locate some
of the sites on a map. Put a star on the locations you visited.
- Now select one
site which you thought was very interesting and either write a paragraph
or have an adult write your ideas down or you can draw a picture of
why the site was so interesting to you.
- Select a second
site and write a paragraph explaining that second site's connection
to American History.
- When all
the activities have been completed, including a presentation
to your troop, submit the patch application
form through your Girl Scout Leader who will send it to the
Central London Neighborhood Girl Scouts. If you selected a site other
than the ones we have listed above, please tell us its name and location
so we can use it to improve our patch project. Thank you.
Thanks are extended
to the London based Walter Hines Page Chapter of the National Society
Daughters of the American Revolution and to Ms. Sunny Neutze, Fifth Grade
Team Leader, American School in London.
An excellent reference
book is London's American Past, by Fran Hazelton, published by
Papermac, Macmillan in 1991.